Globalization simply refers to increasing connectivity, integration and interdependence in the socio-economic, technological, cultural, political and ecological spheres. It increasingly binds people and cultures of the world more tightly, making a global village.
Globalization in an unprecedented scale has resulted in contemporary Indian art responding to multicultural influences. Infact since the end of the 19th century the works of Ravi Varma, Rabindranath Tagore, Jamini Roy and Amrita Shergil have been absorbing international influences and a number of distinguished contemporary Indian artists, mostly born in postindependence years have responded to this changing reality. Artists such as Atul Dodiya,
Subodh Gupta, Probir Gupta, and Jitish Kallat, largely represent this group. In this issue of artVarta we have investigated the works of prominent artists who have responded to the middle class of India, its ambitions, trials, and tribulations and yet taken their responses to the global level. In their work they have reinterpreted the iconic, at times drawing on historical and mythological sources, which often reveal a metaphor for the country’s new realities. Their work is also characterized by a paradigm shift in the materials used thereby making the whole experience much more versatile.
We are happy to have Ernst W. Koelnsperger as our guest editor and he says “The influence of important painters like Picasso, Miro, Matisse or Max Ernst was visible in the art of Souza, Tyeb Mehta, or Shanti Dave. There is no longer a proper national scene in India or in the west. Paintings and installations of Indian artists are to be found finally also in European national collections.”
In this issue of artVarta Dr. Georg Lechner bring you Meera Mukherjee and her learnings in Germany at an early age; Sunanda K. Sanyal is in conversation with Annu P. Matthew, professor of photography at the University of Rhode Island. Ina Puri portrays the dynamic four, Manjunath Kamath, Jagannath Panda, Thakral and Tagra; we get a glimpse of Subodh Kerkar’s installations and an overview of breathtaking land art as it stands today around the world. Alka Pande’s write-up on new media puts the post-modern practice in the right perspective.
Fredrick E. Reutschler of Germany is a significant private collector of contemporary world art. Lydia Rea Hartl met this modern Medici who has a stunning collection of conceptual and minimal art. Read all about the enjoyable encounter.
We have added a new section-Curator’s Diary- and in this issue Paula Sengupta has recounted her experience of curating a show in Kolkata which gave her the opportunity to work closely with an American and an Australian artist thus taking forward the east-west rapport. It’s a rich issue that addresses numerous facets of contemporary art practice in India and searches for the ease-west connect that enriches global art.